Pietra Castle, a precious gem of Vallagarina
In this place ran the ancient border between the Episcopal Principality of Trento and the Very Serene Republic of Venice. Pietra Castle is in an ideal position and important battles between the Austrians, Venetians and French took place at its feet.
Pietra Castle was not the largest castle in Vallagarina and was subject to Beseno Castle. However, it was always the most important due to its proximity to the Adige River in the valley floor.
Do you know this evocative castle, the silent protagonist of a thousand stories and battles?
The historical importance of Pietra Castle derives above all from its strategic position. At the castle, the Adige River formed a large loop until the end of the nineteenth century and the Imperial Road passed through the narrowest point of Vallagarina. Anyone traveling between Trento and Rovereto was forced to go to this point and pay a duty.
Pietra Castle – photo by Francesco Serafini
For centuries, a fortified wall with battlements from the manor to the river, called Murazzo, prevented any unauthorized passage. In it there were iron doors with stone jambs that were closed at night and constantly monitored to collect the duty from those who passed through it during the day. A large chain was stretched over the river, so that the waterway was also blocked at that point.
The name derives from the boulders fallen in remote times from the Cengio Rosso hills and cliffs overlooking the castle. Its very first construction probably dates back to the 13th century; subsequently it was enlarged several times. The styles of the castle are therefore multiple, but the main purpose of the manor will always remain the defense and control of the territory in front of it.
The famous battle of Calliano on 10 August 1487, in which the Venetian troops commanded by General Sanseverino were heavily defeated, was only one of a long series of fights that saw Pietra Castle as a silent observer. Among the most famous fought right near the castle were the important battles between the Napoleonic French and the Austrians at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries.
Frescoes in Pietra Castle
Its rooms that have a Gothic style are wonderful. Do not miss the Hall of Judgment, a rich and evocative environment, illuminated by guelfo shaped windows and adorned with enchanting frescoes of the fifteenth century.
How to get there
Pietra Castle is located at the gates of Calliano (TN), a few kilometers from the Rovereto Nord motorway exit along the Brenner highway.
For visits, contact the current owners in advance at the following address:
Via Pietra Castle n. 1 – 38060 Calliano (TN)
Tel. +39 338 8552250
Do you particularly like the charm of the castles of the Alps? We advise you not to miss another five magnificent examples of early medieval castles: Beseno Castle, Rovereto Castle, Stenico Castle, Avio Castle, Corno Castle.
Are you interested in other castles you can see history left in the Dolomites Alps?
We recommend visiting other magnificent historical castles near Rovereto, Trento, Trentino, Italy.
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Manager di Ostello Città di Rovereto e da sempre appassionato delle Cose Belle di Rovereto e del Trentino Alto Adige. Amo escursioni in famiglia e, più impegnative, con amici in alta montagna. Scrivimi e avrai consigli, suggerimenti e proposte interessanti!
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